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Home Plans and Design for Custom Homebuilding

HOME PLANS and DESIGN

 Home Plans & Design

The right home plan coupled with great design allows you to build the home you always wanted while helping you control costs.

  • Home plan designers – The Good and The Bad
  • Different costs for different types of home plans
  • Cost-effective home plans

Home Plan Designers

With financing and a budget, it’s time to talk about who designs homes and how they are designed. There are five main categories of home plan designers.

Architects

When people think of custom homes, often the first thing they think of is residential architects who design home plans for their clients. Leading residential architects design and draft beautiful home designs. In producing these stunning designs, working with an architect can present several challenges. First, an architect is hired by and works for the home buyer. The architect’s only priority is (or should be) to satisfy the desires and dreams of their client. The challenge is that their work product is not tied directly to the project budget. This often creates a final project cost (as bid on by a homebuilder) that exceeds the client’s budget — often by tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars. Another challenge is that the design often uses expensive and non-production construction methodologies that can drive up the home price even more. Finally, architects are not cheap. Typically, fees range from 8% to 15% of the project cost. For a $500,000 home, for example, architecture costs could run from $40,000 to $75,000. (This is part of the reason custom homes tend to be 20% to 30% more expensive than comparable spec homes.)

Online Home Plans

 The second category of home designers is the online home plans sold just about everywhere. There are numerous issues with these plans. The primary issue is that online home plans are designed for a general audience and any changes and modifications can be costly. Every region has different building codes, and online plans do not address this. Most online home plans will need to be redrafted by a local draftsperson to adhere to local building codes and requirements. Any money you might have saved by buying a plan online will be spent to redraft the plan for your specific location. Save your money: Do not buy online home plans.

Local Drafters

The third category of home designers is the local draftsperson. Often, they will have a plan book of stock home plans that have been designed for the local market. The good news is that a local draftsperson knows the local codes, is available, and is often cost-effective. The challenge can be the design element (stock plans that may be years old), and there is no direct relationship to final pricing. As with architects and online home plans, pricing is handled by the homebuilder, and budgets can be overwhelmed quickly.

Homebuilder Home Plans

Local homebuilders will often provide their standard home plans to clients in return for the construction of the home. This fourth category can be effective because the homebuilder provides a fixed price. The downside is that any kind of customization is difficult and expensive to make, if allowed at all. Often, these home plans have been built many times in the region, so your new home would not be unique.

Design/Build Home Plans

The last category of home designers is the true design/build homebuilder. While fairly rare in new construction due to the experience, design staff, and technology required, the design/build process can be very rewarding. The key element is that the design is directly linked to the final cost. Directly linking design and cost is the responsibility of the design/build homebuilder, which produces a project that is within budget. If the budget is not met, the homebuilder doesn’t build the home. One thing to keep in mind is that the design / build homebuilder will control project square footage and construction products to meet the budget. Good communication between the home buyer and the builder is essential for a successfully design/build program.

NewHomes.House is a true design/build firm. With hundreds of homes designed and built for clients over the last 30 years, we know how to design beautiful homes and keep costs low.

Types of Home Plans and Their Costs

Home buyers often ask about square-footage cost to understand total project cost. Unfortunately, you can only compare the same type of home with similar home types and products to make an accurate determination of value.

Types of home plans are categorized as follows (no basements):

  • Single-story homes(often called “ranchers”)
  • Two-story homes
  • Two-story homes with a main-floor master bedroom

The best way to understand this is with an example. Consider a 2,000 square-foot home.

The most expensive part of a home is the foundation. In our example, a single-story home would have a 2,000 square-foot foundation. A 2,000 square-foot two-story home would have a 1,000 square-foot foundation (assuming 1,000 square feet per floor). The same would be true for the roof system. The single-story foundation and roof would cost twice as much as the foundation and roof for the two-story.

A two-story home with a main-floor master bedroom is the most expensive type of home plan. Why? Because a main-floor master bedroom requires a main floor that is the same size as a single-story (for the master bedroom and any secondary bedrooms), and you are adding a second floor.

With proper design, there are ways to minimize costs by utilizing certain elements of a plan for additional finished square footage. For example, smaller single-story home plans with a lower-level walkout basement are a popular design to maximize square footage and minimize costs. For two-story homes, utilizing space over the garage is a great way to add additional space inexpensively. And both designs increase resale value if you ever decide to sell.

Cost-Effective Home Plans

Cost-effective home plans efficiently utilize all available space and minimize the foundation and roof systems. While your budget might be more flexible, it’s helpful to understand the costs associated with different types of floor plans.

The main design criteria for cost-effective plans include:

  • A small foundation
  • Living space above all the foundation components (including garage space)
  • Building up or down (basements and/or walkout basements) to minimize the size of the foundation
  • Minimizing interior space where you don’t spend much time, such as grand foyers, dining rooms, and long hallways
  • Utilizing great design by bringing the exterior view inside to provide a larger living experience

The following types of home plans are ranked lowest-cost to highest-cost:

  • California split-level
  • Three-story (or four-story)
  • Two-story
  • Single-story
  • Two-story with a main-floor master bedroom

Great home design does not have to be expensive. The best way to stay within budget is for one firm — a design/build homebuilder — to design and build your custom home. Otherwise, the home design can quickly exceed the budget because our dreams and desires are limitless, but our budget is not.

We Are Here To Help

At CDAhomeplans.com, we believe in providing our home buyers with as much information as possible so they can make the right decisions for their custom home.

Please contact us to schedule a call so we can answer all your questions — it’s free, and there is no obligation. We love to talk construction!

Call or text us at (509) 289-5305.

Todd J. Sullivan and his dog Loki in Coeur d Alene, ID

Todd J. Sullivan and dog, Loki in beautiful Coeur d’Alene, Idaho

Specifications and Selections for Homebuilding

SPECIFICATIONS AND SELECTIONS Specifications & Selections  How is your house built? What types of materials are used? How are those materials installed? What decisions do you make as the home buyer? What decisions does the home builder make? These are all...

Home Plans and Design for Custom Homebuilding

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Construction Process for Custom Homebuilding

The construction process can be hectic and chaotic. Lean about custom homebuilding and the process of building with cdahomeplans.com

Construction Financing for Custom Homes

Learn about financing your custom home with a variety of different loan programs for home design and custom homebuilding with CDAhomeplans.com

Construction Contracts for Custom Homebuilding

Construction contracts are critical to custom homebuilding. Learn about the components of the custom construction contract with CDAhomeplans.com

Change Orders for Custom Homebuilding

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly in Custom Homebuilding Change Orders.
(208) 298-5305 TEXT me direct for Custom Construction with Sullivan Homes PNW
Categories
Construction Articles

Construction Process for Custom Homebuilding

The CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

Nature of the Construction Process

 For an outsider, the construction process can seem chaotic, hectic, and uncertain. Some activities go fast, and some drag out. The physical dimensions of the home appear to change. The foundation might appear smaller than envisioned, the framing might create larger spaces than anticipated, and then the sheetrock seems to shrink everything again.

 Some days, multiple crews will be onsite. Parking might be difficult, and garbage and construction debris pile up. On other days, no one is there.

 It often seems like there is little rhyme or reason to the construction process, and chaos rules. Home builders are masters of taming chaos. It’s what we do.

 Without excellent management systems, tools, and experience, it is easy for the process to overwhelm a home builder, especially if they have multiple projects going on at the same time.

 Subcontractor Management

 The vast majority of home builders rely on subcontractors to do the work. The subcontractors are separate entities, normally comprised of a small crew. Subcontractors can be foundation crews, plumbing crews, framing crews, and crews for roofing, sheetrock, painting, trim work, and finish work. The reason for independent subcontractors is that it is not economically feasible for a home builder to employ such a large labor force with the disparate skills required to build a home.

 There are advantages and disadvantages to subcontractor crews. The advantages are scalability, access to quality work crews, and the ability to build in different locations and on different projects. The downside of subcontracting the work is scheduling. Most subcontractor crews need to be scheduled well in advance of their scheduled activity. They also work for different home builders. If one subcontractor does not finish in their allocated time, the next subcontractor might not be able to start work on time and will go to another job for another home builder. This creates a chain reaction with the schedule.

 (This is another reason to avoid change orders! A change order stops the construction schedule, and it might take several weeks before the next scheduled subcontractor starts work.)

 That’s why some days there might be several crews onsite, and other days, none. The home builder understands this and provides a buffer in their construction contract for such delays and issues. A 6-month project with daily activity will typically extend another month due to the nature of the labor force. Add other potential delays for product delivery, weather, inspections, etc., and a 9-month contract to build is common.

 Components of a Construction Schedule

 Although home builders use many different scheduling systems to schedule the hundreds of individual activities, most schedules are broken down to the following general categories.

  • Permitting: Depending on the jurisdiction, permitting can take several weeks to several months. The average time for permitting is an important question to ask, because the home builder’s schedule does not start until after the building permits are released. Remember, the clock starts ticking on your construction loan as soon the loan closes — not at the start of construction. A 9-month construction contract should have a 1-year loan-maturity date to protect the home buyer.
  • Excavation and Foundation: The home builder will lay out the foundation and elevations. This is a critical component for the home buyer to approve. Once the foundation is excavated, it is very difficult to change. If there is a basement, the drain lines will be placed prior to the basement slab being poured.
  • Framing: Floor systems, exterior walls, and interior walls are framed. Toward the end of the framing job, trusses are delivered and installed, along with windows. Roof systems are then installed to secure the building frame against the weather.
  • Rough-In: Installation of the plumbing, HVAC systems, and finally, electrical rough. It is important for the home buyer to physically inspect the location of the HVAC and electrical outlets and future fixtures prior to sheetrock being installed. It is a good idea to document completely all systems with photographs prior to installing the sheetrock.
  • Sheetrock, tape, and texture completed.
  • Interior/exterior painting competed.
  • Hard-surface flooring, cabinets and doors, base, and case installed.
  • Tile and other hard-wall surfaces (showers, etc.) installed.
  • Soft goods and appliances installed.
  • Final plumbing, HVAC, and electrical fixtures installed.
  • Final cleaning and home builder correction list completed.
  • Final walk-through by home buyer and home builder.
  • Final “punch list” completed.

Move in!

We Are Here To Help

At CDAhomeplans.com, we believe in providing our home buyers with as much information as possible so they can make the right decisions for their custom home.

Please contact us to schedule a call so we can answer all your questions — it’s free, and there is no obligation. We love to talk construction!

 Call or text us at (509) 289-5305.

Todd J. Sullivan and his dog Loki in Coeur d Alene, ID

Todd J. Sullivan and dog, Loki in beautiful Coeur d’Alene, Idaho

Specifications and Selections for Homebuilding

SPECIFICATIONS AND SELECTIONS Specifications & Selections  How is your house built? What types of materials are used? How are those materials installed? What decisions do you make as the home buyer? What decisions does the home builder make? These are all...

Home Plans and Design for Custom Homebuilding

Home plans and design for custom construction How To guide with CDAhomeplans.com

Construction Process for Custom Homebuilding

The construction process can be hectic and chaotic. Lean about custom homebuilding and the process of building with cdahomeplans.com

Construction Financing for Custom Homes

Learn about financing your custom home with a variety of different loan programs for home design and custom homebuilding with CDAhomeplans.com

Construction Contracts for Custom Homebuilding

Construction contracts are critical to custom homebuilding. Learn about the components of the custom construction contract with CDAhomeplans.com

Change Orders for Custom Homebuilding

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly in Custom Homebuilding Change Orders.
(208) 298-5305 TEXT me direct for Custom Construction with Sullivan Homes PNW